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A numerical tool for the frequency domain simulation of large clusters of wave energy converters

Abstract : Compact arrays of small wave absorbers constitute an example of the multiple existing categories of wave energy converters (WECs) and have been identified as being an advantageous solution for the extraction of wave energy when compared to a big isolated point absorber. Among the numerous challenges associated with the numerical modeling of such devices, one of the most relevant one is the evaluation of the hydrodynamic interactions amid the large number of floats O(100) they are composed of. Direct computations with standard Boundary Element Method (BEM) solvers, used extensively in wave/structure interaction problems, become prohibitive when the number of bodies increases. Thus, there is a need to employ an alternative approach more suitable for the study of the multiple-scattering in large arrays. In this work, the Direct Matrix Method interaction theory has been implemented. Based on characterizing the way a WEC scatters and radiates waves, this methodology enables one to significantly reduce the number of unknowns of the classical boundary value problem dealt with by standard BEM solvers and, therefore, the computational time. The acceleration provided by the numerical tool developed has allowed examining the power capture of a generic bottom-reference heave-buoy array WEC and optimizing its layout. We have shown that there exist an optimum number of floats for a given device footprint. Exceeding this number results in a “saturation” of the power increase which is undesirable for the economic viability of the device.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02981641, version 1

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Francesc Fabregas Flavia. A numerical tool for the frequency domain simulation of large clusters of wave energy converters. Fluids mechanics [physics.class-ph]. École centrale de Nantes, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017ECDN0011⟩. ⟨tel-02981641⟩

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