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UV–Vis Absorption Spectroscopy of Polonium(IV) Chloride Complexes: An Electronic Structure Theory Study

Abstract : More than a hundred years after its discovery, the chemistry of the polonium radioelement is still largely unknown. However, it is quite clear that the properties of this heavy element (Z = 84) may be affected by relativistic effects, in particular scalar relativistic effects and the so-called spin–orbit coupling (SOC). In this Article, we revisit the interpretation of UV–vis absorption spectra of polonium(IV) complexes in HCl medium, reported decades ago. From the data, two complexes were hypothesized, complex I with a maximum of absorption at 344 nm (at low HCl concentration) and complex II with a maximum at 418 nm (the only visible peak for HCl concentrations above 0.5 M). By monitoring the absorbance at 344 and 418 nm as a function of both the HCl concentration and the pH, complex I was formulated as [Po(OH)Clx]3–x while complex II was formulated as [PoCl2+x]2–x. In this work, we study the ground-state geometries of the [Po(OH)Clx]3–x and [PoCl2+x]2–x complexes for x = 4–2, i.e. for the most probable complexes, with density functional theory (DFT), demonstrating that solvation can remarkably change the geometries of such systems. The electronic excitation energies are then computed with time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT), second-order N-electron valence state perturbation theory (NEVPT2), and contracted spin–orbit configuration interaction (c-SOCI), showing (i) that the SOC must be at play to obtain excitation energies in the right energy domain and (ii) that the quantum chemical calculations point toward x = 4, i.e., toward the [Po(OH)Cl4]− and [PoCl6]2– complexes.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 2, 2021 - 11:13:58 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:54:52 PM
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Ange Stoïanov, Julie Champion, Rémi Maurice. UV–Vis Absorption Spectroscopy of Polonium(IV) Chloride Complexes: An Electronic Structure Theory Study. Inorganic Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2019, 58 (10), pp.7036-7043. ⟨10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b00668⟩. ⟨hal-02150692⟩



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