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Économie numérique et Capitalocène

Abstract : The articles in issue 9 of Etudes digitales, on The Digital Economy and the Capitalocene, focus on different theoretical and methodological approaches and issues, with the ambition to extend the interpretations presented in the previous issue of Etudes digitales on the economics of digital platforms. We have chosen to introduce this new dossier by translating an article by Jason W. Moore, whose merit is to highlight the main issues in the debate on the relationship between Anthropocene and Capitalocene. Fabien Colombo's article is part of this perspective, drawing on the respective work of Jason W. Moore and Nick Srnicek (platform capitalism), to explain how it is possible to make the two authors' thoughts and concepts converge around Capitalocene in the era of digital platforms. For his part, Paolo Vignola's contribution intends to grasp the plural nature of the cartographies induced by the concept of Capitalocene, both geographical and economic, but also symbolic, philosophical and epistemological. This approach and the teachings to which it leads Paolo Vignola to highlight the critical topicality of Félix Guattari's reflections on the three ecologies, environmental, mental and social, in the context of the Capitalocene. In their article, Philippe Béraud and Franck Cormerais draw on a specific chapter of Bernard Stiegler's book, Qu’appelle-t-on panser ? 2. La leçon de Gretha Thunberg, to try to understand the position of this philosopher in relation to Jason W. Moore's approach to the Capitalocene. The intention of the authors is not to exhaust the analysis of the terms of the controversy but to identify the specificities of Stiegler's thinking. Fabrice Flippo's article focuses on the analysis of the nature of the digital economy, considered both as a rupture and as a continuation of the productivist economy. By pointing out the contradictions induced with the ecological stakes, the author calls for "a decrease or even a collapse of the digital economy". Maxime Ouellet's contribution is in line with this perspective, identifying the relationship between digital technologies and the ecological crisis in the Capitalocene era. The author points out the responsibility of cybernetic capitalism, within which algorithmic governance intends to simultaneously optimize the management of environmental problems and promote new forms of capital development. By combining the digital and Capitalocene approaches, the contribution of Armel Campagne and Marc-Antoine Pencolé shows that the environmental consequences of capitalism are accompanied by characteristic phenomena, linked to the perception of the causes of climate change, the spatial redistribution of pollution and the resolution of social antagonisms at the expense of the environment. For his part, Gérard Dubey analyzes in his article the continuity of the process that links the characteristics of the digitization of the world and the representations resulting from the thermo-industrial era. The author highlights the adaptability of the social organization models of industrial capitalism to digital infrastructures, questioning the foundations of this convergence. In a concluding article, Philippe Béraud and Franck Cormerais question the nature of platform capitalism. In this perspective, hypercapitalism is defined as a disruptive regime that relies on digital infrastructures to converge the unlimited extension of marketplaces, data capture and valorisation, generalised outsourcing and subcontracting, as well as the emancipation of the platform economy from state and institutional constraints. In her juridical section, Annie Blandin deals with the question of the regulation of hate content on the Internet. By questioning the scope of the legal means that compel platforms to intervene to remove such content, she shows that this type of regulation can contribute to the confusion between regalian functions and corporate activities.
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https://hal-imt-atlantique.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02886910
Contributor : Philippe Beraud <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 1, 2020 - 8:19:01 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 5, 2020 - 3:45:51 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02886910, version 1

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Philippe Béraud, Franck Cormerais, Fabien Colombo. Économie numérique et Capitalocène. Etudes digitales, Garnier, 2020. ⟨hal-02886910⟩

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