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No-instruction-set-computer design experience of flexible and efficient architectures for digital communication applications: two case studies on MIMO turbo detection and universal turbo demapping

Abstract : The emerging flexibility need in designing application-specific processors dedicated for modules of digital receiver imposes a new design metric, which is added to the requirements of efficiency and productivity. In order to cope with the emerging flexibility requirement combined with the best performance efficiency, many application-specific processor design approaches have been proposed and investigated. In general, available design approaches that adopt dynamic scheduling of instructions add an overhead due to the instruction decoding. To minimize this overhead, several approaches have been introduced, which opt static scheduling. In this context, No-Instruction-Set-Computer (NISC) concept has been introduced to design application-specific processors without an instruction set. NISC concept proposes that there is no need to first design and then use an instruction set when the hardware is programmed by its designers rather than its users. NISC designing approach offers a good compromise between flexibility, productivity, and quality for the design of a digital system. In our work, NISC approach is explored through the design of flexible and efficient architectures dedicated for digital communication applications which fulfill the requirements imposed by multiple emergent communication standards. This paper introduces briefly the NISC concept and the corresponding design methodology. Also, it provides an overview of the related design approach. In addition, the relevance of NISC in realizing flexible and efficient implementation in the domain of digital communication is demonstrated through two case studies on MIMO turbo detection and universal turbo demapping. Both designed NISC-based architectures have been compared to state-of-the-art ASIP-based architectures using similar computational resources and supporting same flexibility parameters. The obtained results show that the proposed NISC-based architectures provide a significant improvement in execution performance while having reduced implementation costs. The results also illustrates how the control memory requirements depend on the application and the devised architecture choices. In the detector module, the adopted re-usability of allocated resources imposes separate controlling of each component; hence, additional control signals are implied. Whereas for the demapper module, implemented hardware components are considered to perform specific operations and to deal with the same type of data; hence, the number of control signals can be reduced significantly.
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https://hal-imt-atlantique.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03344273
Contributor : Amer Baghdadi <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 14, 2021 - 6:53:08 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 16, 2021 - 3:44:47 AM

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Mostafa Rizk, Amer Baghdadi, Michel Jezequel, Yasser Mohanna, Youssef Atat. No-instruction-set-computer design experience of flexible and efficient architectures for digital communication applications: two case studies on MIMO turbo detection and universal turbo demapping. Design Automation for Embedded Systems, Springer Verlag, 2021, 25 (1), pp.1-42. ⟨10.1007/s10617-021-09245-x⟩. ⟨hal-03344273⟩

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