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Enhancement of SAR Speckle Denoising Using the Improved Iterative Filter

Abstract : The recent advancement in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) technology has enabled high-resolution imaging capability that calls for efficient speckle filtering algorithms to preprocess radar imagery. Since the introduction of the Lee sigma filter in 1980, the various versions of the minimum mean square error (MMSE) filter were developed, focusing essentially on how to estimate the processed pixels. For instance, the iterative MMSE (IMMSE) filter that is commonly initialized by the boxcar filter maintains the initially filtered homogeneous areas and corrects the initially blurred spatial details after a few iterations. In this article, an effort is made to enhance the performance of the IMMSE filter in terms of speckle reduction and spatial detail preservation by refining the choice of the initial filter, optimizing its parameters, and improving the estimation of local statistics. Compared with the basic version, results showed that the improved iterative filter considerably enhanced the filtering criteria. When the improved iterative filtering process was initialized by the nonlocal mean filter, for few iterations, the filtering performances were improved. Simulated, airborne (ESAR, Oberpfaffenhofen Germany) and spaceborne (Sentinel 1, Palm Jumeirah Dubai UAE) SAR data were used to assess the filtering performances of the studied filters.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 23, 2022 - 3:10:08 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:54:52 PM
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Mohamed Yahia, Tarig Ali, Mohammad Mortula, Riadh Abdelfattah, Samy Mahdy, et al.. Enhancement of SAR Speckle Denoising Using the Improved Iterative Filter. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE, 2020, 13, pp.859 - 871. ⟨10.1109/jstars.2020.2973920⟩. ⟨hal-03586035⟩

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